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Aprende hablar ingles. Aprendizaje básico.

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Aprende hablar ingles. Aprendizaje básico.

Los verbos en inglés más importantes son: El verbo "to be", el verbo "to have", los verbos modales: "can, could, may, might, should, must, ought to" y los verbos auxiliares: "will" y "would". Aquí encontrarás ejemplos de esos verbos traducidos al español.
Verbos Primarios
Verbo "to be" - ser o estarI am / I was / I have been / I had been / I will be / …
Verbo "to have" - haber o tenerI have / I had / I have had / I had had / I will have / …
Verbos Modales
Can - puedoI can dance.
Could - podría / pude / podía / pudieraI could dance if I could practice.
May - podría / quizás / puede queIt may rain today.
Might - podría / quizás / puede queThey might come tomorrow.
Must - debo / debo deI must go. - She must be crazy.
Should - debería / tendría queI should study more.
Ought to - debería / tendría queI ought to study more.
Verbos Auxiliares
Will - (convierte en futuro al verbo que le sigue)I will speak English.
Would - (convierte en potencial al verbo que le sigue)I would speak English.

aprende

VERBO TO BE. SER O ESTAR
PresentPresent Perfect
I am a student
Soy un estudiante
I am studying
Estoy estudiandoI have been a student
He sido un estudiante
I have been studying
He estado estudiando
PastPast Perfect
I was a student
Fui/era un estudiante
I was studying
Estuve/estaba estudiandoI had been a student
Había sido un estudiante
I had been studying
Había estado estudiando
FutureFuture Perfect
I will be a student
Seré un estudiante
I will be studying
Estaré estudiandoI will have been a student
Habré sido un estudiante
I will have been studying
Habré estado estudiando
ConditionalConditional Perfect
I would be a student
Sería un estudiante
I would be studying
Estaría estudiandoI would have been a student
Habría sido un estudiante
I would have been studying
Habría estado estudiando

Hablar

Forma AfirmativaForma NegativaForma Interrogativa
I am (I'm)I am not (I'm not)am I?
soy, estoyno soy, no estoy¿soy yo?, ¿estoy yo?
you are (you're)you are not (you're not)are you?
eres, estásno eres, no estás¿eres tú?, ¿estás tú?
he is (he's)he is not (he's not)is he?
él es, estáél no es, no está¿es él?, ¿está él?
we are (we're)we are not (we're not)are we?
somos, estamosno somos, no estamos¿somos?, ¿estamos?
you are (you're)you are not (you're not)are you?
sois, estáisno sois, no estáis¿sois?, ¿estáis?
they are (they're)they are not (they're not)are they?
ellos son, estánellos no son, no están¿son, están ellos?
Forma AfirmativaForma NegativaForma Interrogativa
I wasI was not (I wasn't)was I?
fui, era,
estuve, estabano fui, no era,
no estuve, no estaba¿fui?, ¿era?
¿estuve?, ¿estaba?
you wereyou were not (you weren't)were you?
fuiste, eras,
estuviste, estabasno fuiste, no eras,
no estuviste, no estabas¿fuiste?, ¿eras?
¿estuviste?, ¿estabas?
he washe was not (he wasn't)was he?
fue, era,
estuvo, estabano fue, no era,
no estuvo, no estaba¿fue?, ¿era?
¿estuvo?. ¿estaba?
we werewe were not (we weren't)were we?
fuimos, éramos,
estuvimos, estábamosno fuimos, no éramos,
no estuvimos, no estábamos¿fuimos?, ¿éramos?
¿estuvimos?, ¿estábamos?
you wereyou were not (you weren't)were you?
fuisteis, erais,
estuvisteis, estabaisno fuisteis, no erais,
no estuvisteis, no estabais¿fuisteis?, ¿erais?,
¿estuvisteis?, ¿estabais?
they werethey were not (they weren't)were they?
fueron, eran
estuvieron, estabanno fueron, no eran,
no estuvieron, no estaban¿fueron?, ¿eran?
¿estuvieron?, ¿estaban?
Vista Completa - Forma Afirmativa
PresentPresent Perfect
I am - soy/estoy
you are - eres/estás
he is
we are
you are
they are I have been - he sido/estado
you have been - has sido/estado
he has been
we have been
you have been
they have been
PastPast Perfect
I was - fui/era/estuve/estaba
you were
he was
we were
you were
they were I had been - había sido/estado
you had been
he had been
we had been
you had been
they had been
FutureFuture Perfect
I will be - seré/estaré
you will be
he will be
we will be
you will be
they will beI will have been - habré sido/estado
you will have been
he will have been
we will have been
you will have been
they will have been
ConditionalConditional Perfect
I would be - sería/estaría
you would be
he would be
we would be
you would be
they would beI would have been - habría sido/estado
you would have been
he would have been
we would have been
you would have been
they would have been
Vista Completa - Forma Negativa
PresentPresent Perfect
I am not
you are not
he is not
we are not
you are not
they are notI have not been
you have not been
he has not been
we have not been
you have not been
they have not been
PastPast Perfect
I was not
you were not
he was not
we were not
you were not
they were notI had not been
you had not been
he had not been
we had not been
you had not been
they had not been
FutureFuture Perfect
I will not be
you will not be
he will not be
we will not be
you will not be
they will not beI will not have been
you will not have been
he will not have been
we will not have been
you will not have been
they will not have been
ConditionalConditional Perfect
I would not be
you would not be
he would not be
we would not be
you would not be
they would not beI would not have been
you would not have been
he would not have been
we would not have been
you would not have been
they would not have been
Vista Completa - Forma Interrogativa
PresentPresent Perfect
am I?
are you?
is he?
are we?
are you?
are they?have I been?
have you been?
has he been?
have we been?
have you been?
have they been?
PastPast Perfect
was I?
were you?
was he?
were we?
were you?
were they?had I been?
had you been?
had he been?
had we been?
had you been?
had they been?
FutureFuture Perfect
will I be?
will you be?
will he be?
will we be?
will you be?
will they be?will I have been?
will you have been?
will he have been?
will we have been?
will you have been?
will they have been?
ConditionalConditional Perfect
would I be?
would you be?
would he be?
would we be?
would you be?
would they be?would I have been?
would you have been?
would he have been?
would we have been?
would you have been?
would they have been?



PresentPresent Perfect
I have an exam
Tengo un examen
I have to study
Tengo que estudiarI have had an exam
He tenido un examen
I have had to study
He tenido que estudiar
PastPast Perfect
I had an exam
Tuve/tenía un examen
I had to study
Tuve/tenía que estudiarI had had an exam
Había tenido un examen
I had had to study
Había tenido que estudiar
FutureFuture Perfect
I will have an exam
Tendré un examen
I will have to study
Tendré que estudiarI will have had an exam
Habré tenido un examen
I will have had to study
Habré tenido que estudiar
ConditionalConditional Perfect
I would have an exam
Tendría un examen
I would have to study
Tendría que estudiarI would have had an exam
Habría tenido un examen
I would have had to study
Habría tenido que estudiar

Forma Afirmativa (tener)Forma Afirmativa (haber)
I have - yo tengoI have (I've) - yo he
You have - tú tienesYou have (You've) - tú has
He has - él tieneHe has (He's) - él ha
We have - nosotros tenemosWe have (We've) - nosotros hemos
You have - ustedes tienenYou have (You've) - ustedes han
They have - ellos tienenThey have (They've) - ellos han
Forma Negativa (tener)Forma Negativa (haber)
I don't have - no tengoI haven't - no he
You don't have - tú no tienesYou haven't - tú no has
He doesn't have - él no tieneHe hasn't - él no ha
We don't have - nosotros no tenemosWe haven't - nosotros no hemos
You don't have - ustedes no tienenYou haven't - ustedes no han
They don't have - ellos no tienenThey haven't - ellos no han
Forma Interrogativa (tener)Forma Interrogativa (haber)
Do I have? - ¿tengo yo?Have I? - ¿he yo?
Do you have? - ¿tienes tú?Have you? - ¿has tú?
Does he have? - ¿tiene él?Has he? - ¿ha él?
Do we have? - ¿tenemos nosotros?Have we? - ¿hemos nosotros?
Do you have? - ¿tienen ustedes?Have you? - ¿han ustedes?
Do they have? - ¿tienen ellos?Have they? - ¿han ellos?


Forma Afirmativa (tener)Forma Afirmativa (haber)
I had - yo tuve/teníaI had (I'd) - yo había
You had - tú tuviste/teníasYou had (You'd) - tú habías
He had - él tuvo/teníaHe had (He'd) - él había
We had - nosotros tuvimos/teníamosWe had (We'd) - habíamos
You had - ustedes tuvieron/teníanYou had (You'd) - uds habían
They had - ellos tuvieron/teníanThey had (They'd) - ellos habían
Forma Negativa (tener)Forma Negativa (haber)
I didn't have - no tuve/teníaI hadn't - yo no había
You didn't have - no tuviste/teníasYou hadn't - tú no habías
He didn't have - no tuvo/teníaHe hadn't - él no había
We didn't have - no tuvimos/teníamosWe hadn't - no habíamos
You didn't have - no tuvieron/teníanYou hadn't - uds no habían
They didn't have - no tuvieron/teníanThey hadn't - ellos no habían
Forma Interrogativa (tener)Forma Interrogativa (haber)
Did I have? - ¿tuve/tenía yo?Had I? - ¿había yo?
Did you have? - ¿tuviste/tenías tú?Had you? - ¿habías tú?
Did he have? - ¿tuvo/tenía él?Had he? - ¿había él?
Did we have? - ¿tuvimos/teníamos?Had we? - ¿habíamos nosotros?
Did you have? - ¿tuvieron/tenían uds?Had you? - ¿habían ustedes?
Did they have? - ¿tuvieron/tenían ellos?Had they? - ¿habían ellos?
Vista Completa - Forma Afirmativa
PresentPresent Perfect
I have - tengo
you have
he has
we have
you have
they haveI have had - he tenido
you have had
he has had
we have had
you have had
they have had
PastPast Perfect
I had - tuve/tenía
you had
he had
we had
you had
they hadI had had - había tenido
you had had
he had had
we had had
you had had
they had had
FutureFuture Perfect
I will have - tendré
you will have
he will have
we will have
you will have
they will haveI will have had - habré tenido
you will have had
he will have had
we will have had
you will have had
they will have had
ConditionalConditional Perfect
I would have - tendría
you would have
he would have
we would have
you would have
they would haveI would have had - habría tenido
you would have had
he would have had
we would have had
you would have had
they would have had
Vista Completa - Forma Negativa
PresentPresent Perfect
I do not have
you do not have
he does not have
we do not have
you do not have
they do not haveI have not had
you have not had
he has not had
we have not had
you have not had
they have not had
PastPast Perfect
I did not have
you did not have
he did not have
we did not have
you did not have
they did not haveI had not had
you had not had
he had not had
we had not had
you had not had
they had not had
FutureFuture Perfect
I will not have
you will not have
he will not have
we will not have
you will not have
they will not haveI will not have had
you will not have had
he will not have had
we will not have had
you will not have had
they will not have had
ConditionalConditional Perfect
I would not have
you would not have
he would not have
we would not have
you would not have
they would not haveI would not have had
you would not have had
he would not have had
we would not have had
you would not have had
they would not have had
Vista Completa - Forma Interrogativa
PresentPresent Perfect
do I have?
do you have?
does he have?
do we have?
do youhave?
do theyhave?have I had?
have you had?
has he had?
have we had?
have you had?
have they had?
PastPast Perfect
did I have?
did you have?
did he have?
did we have?
did you have?
did they have?had I had?
had you had?
had he had?
had we had?
had you had?
had they had?
FutureFuture Perfect
will I have?
will you have?
will he have?
will we have?
will you have?
will they have?will I have had?
will you have had?
will he have had?
will we have had?
will you have had?
will they have had?
ConditionalConditional Perfect
would I have?
would you have?
would he have?
would we have?
would you have?
would they have?would I have had?
would you have had?
would he have had?
would we have had?
would you have had?
would they have had?


MODALES .”CAN”
El verbo 'Can' pertenece a los verbos modales y se ubica antes del verbo principal en infinitivo. Significa 'poder'. Se utiliza para expresar habilidad, permiso.
I can - puedo

Affirmative

•I can play the trumpet.
Yo puedo/sé tocar la trompeta.
•We can take a taxi to the airport.
Podemos tomar un taxi hasta el aeropuerto.
•Mary can be very stubborn sometimes.
Mary puede ser muy terca a veces.
•You can sit here if you like.
Puedes sentarte aquí si quieres.
•It can take longer than we thought.
(Esto) Puede tardar más de lo que pensábamos.
•Nobody can understand that.
Nadie puede entender eso.
•Your decision can change our lives.
Tu decisión puede cambiarnos la vida.
Negative

•I can not swim.
No puedo/sé nadar.
•That cannot be true.
Eso no puede ser cierto.
•You can't tell me what to do.
No puedes decirme qué hacer
Interrogative

•Can Peter speak German?
¿Puede/sabe Peter hablar alemán?
•Can you help me with my homework?
¿Me puedes ayudar con mi tarea?
Can + have

•Paul can have gone to Maria's.
Paul puede haber ido a lo de María.
•They can't have left without us.
Ellos no pueden haberse ido sin nosotros.
•Jane can't have said that.
Jane no puede haber dicho eso.


MODALES “COULD”
El verbo 'Could' Expresa poca probabilidad o condicionalidad. Significa: podría, pude, podía, pudiera de acuerdo con el contexto: I could dance if I could practice.
I could - podría / pude / podía / pudiera

Affirmative

•You could be wrong.
Podrías estar equivocado.
•They could manage without us.
Ellos pudieron/podrían arreglárselas sin nosotros.
•I could help Ann if she only let me.
Yo podría ayudar a Ann si tan solo me dejara.
•This new plan could be very risky.
Este nuevo plan podría ser muy riesgoso.
•The news could kill Mr. Taylor.
La noticia podría matarlo al señor Taylor.
•Anybody could be chosen for the job.
Cualquiera podría ser elegido para el trabajo.
•I could go back and bring Kate with me.
Yo podría/pude volver y traer a Kate conmigo.
Negative

•I couldn't see very clearly.
Yo no pude/podría ver muy claramente.
•Mrs. Jones couldn't stand the smell.
La señora Jones no pudo/podría soportar el olor.
•We couldn't leave you alone.
No podríamos dejarte solo.
Interrogative

•Could you open the window?
¿Pudiste/podrías abrir la ventana?
•Could they escape?
¿Pudieron/podrían escapar?
Could + have

•You could have told me you weren't at home!
¡Podrías haberme dicho que no estabas en casa!
•It could have been worse.
Pudo/podría haber sido peor.
•John couldn't have done that.
John no pudo/podría haber hecho eso.


MODALES “MAY”
El verbo 'may' se utiliza para expresar cierto grado de probabilidad de una acción o grado de certeza: It may rain today. Significa: podría, quizás, puede que.
I may - podría / quizás / puede que

Affirmative

•We may stay here for the night.
Podríamos pasar la noche aquí.
•Jack may be telling the truth.
Puede que Jack esté diciendo la verdad.
•You may ask three questions.
Puedes hacer tres preguntas.
•I may visit Susan on Monday.
Quizás la visite a Susan el lunes.
•The road may be blocked.
El camino podría estar bloqueado.
•That may be a good idea.
(Esa) Quizá sea una buena idea.
•Carol may go when she finishes.
Carol puede/podrá ir cuando termine.
Negative

•Mr. Johnson may not remember anything.
Puede que el señor Johnson no recuerde nada.
•You may not leave the classroom without permission.
Usted no puede salir del aula sin permiso.
•I may not come next week.
Quizá no venga la semana que viene.
Interrogative

•May I go to the bathroom?
¿Puedo ir al baño?
•May you take this to Mr. Richards?
¿Podrías llevarle esto al señor Richards?
May + have

•Vicky may have told me.
Puede que Vicky me haya dicho.
•They may not have known that.
Puede que ellos no hayan sabido eso.
•I may have forgotten to lock the door.
Quizá me haya olvidado de cerrar la puerta con llave.

MODALES “MIGTH”
El verbo 'might' expresa débil probabilidad o posibilidad. Se utiliza cuando queremos decir: podría, quizás, puede que (They might come tomorrow).
I might - podría / quizás / puede que

Affirmative

•They might be waiting for us at the station.
Podrían estar esperándonos en la estación.
•This might be our only chance
Esta podría ser nuestra única oportunidad.
•I might lose my job.
Podría perder mi trabajo.
•Harry might write soon.
Harry podría escribir pronto.
•You might find a solution.
Podrías encontrar una solución.
•We might be going the wrong way.
Quizás estemos yendo en la dirección equivocada.
•I might call you tomorrow.
Podría llamarte mañana.
Negative

•Sylvia might not live there anymore.
Quizás Sylvia ya no viva más ahí.
•We might not know everything.
Puede que no sepamos todo.
•It might not rain tonight.
Puede que no llueva esta noche.
Interrogative

•Might I give you a piece of advice?
¿Podría darte un consejo?
•Might we speak to you for a moment?
¿Podríamos hablar contigo un momento?
Might + have

•They might have finished earlier.
Quizás hayan terminado más temprano.
•Bob might have died in the accident.
Bob podría haber muerto en el accidente.
•Miss Green might not have been present at the time.
Puede que la señorita Green no haya estado presente en ese momento.


MODALES “MUST”
El verbo 'must' expresa una prohibición u obligación fuerte así como cierta certeza: I must go. She must be crazy. En español significa debo, debo de.
I must - debo / debo de

Affirmative

•I must go to the library.
Debo ir a la biblioteca.
•You must stay here until I come back.
Debes quedarte aquí hasta que yo vuelva.
•We must be at the airport at three o'clock.
Debemos estar en el aeropuerto a las tres.
•Everybody must wear a uniform.
Todos deben usar uniforme.
•You must be joking!
¡Deben de estar bromeando!
•Julia must be in Paris by now.
Julia ya debe de estar en París.
•It must be noon already.
Ya debe de ser mediodía.
Negative

•You must not talk to strangers.
No debes hablar con extraños.
•We mustn't make noise.
No debemos hacer ruido.
•Mr. Williams must not smoke.
El señor Williams no debe fumar.
Interrogative

•Must we do everything today?
¿Debemos hacer todo hoy?
•Must you go so soon?
¿Debes irte tan pronto?
Must + have

•I must have fallen asleep.
Debo de haberme quedado dormido.
•Sally must have forgotten about the meeting.
Sally debe de haberse olvidado de la reunión.
•They must have sent it already.
Ya deben de haberlo enviado.


MODALES “SHOULD”
Usamos 'should' para expresar grado de posibilidad o probabilidad, así como también para obligación débil. Significa: debería, tendría que. I should study.
I should - debería / tendría que

Affirmative

•You should tell Miss Baker the truth.
Deberías decirle la verdad a la señorita Baker.
•We should go to sleep.
Deberíamos ir a dormir.
•I should call my mother.
Debería llamar a mi madre.
•They should leave as soon as possible.
Ellos deberían salir lo antes posible.
•She should be doing her homework.
Ella debería estar haciendo su tarea.
•Ben should exercise more.
Ben debería ejercitarse más.
•It should be here.
(Esto) Debería estar aquí.
Negative

•You should not say that.
No deberías decir eso.
•Nick shouldn't be working.
Nick no debería estar trabajando.
•It shouldn't take long.
(Esto) No debería tardar mucho.
Interrogative

•Should I write Maggie a letter?
¿Debería yo escribirle una carta a Maggie?
•Should we worry?
¿Deberíamos preocuparnos?
Should + have

•Charlie should have consulted me.
Charlie debería haberme consultado.
•I shouldn't have eaten so much.
Yo no debería haber comido tanto.
•Danny and Paul should have waited for you.
Danny y Paul deberían haberte esperado.

Verbos Modales - Ought to

El verbo 'ought to' es igual al 'should' y expresa una obligación débil. Significa debería, tendría que.
I ought to - debería / tendría que

Affirmative

•Helen ought to be more careful.
Helen debería tener más cuidado.
•I ought to stay in bed.
Yo debería quedarme en la cama.
•We ought to go together.
Deberíamos ir juntos.
•They ought to be here already.
Ellos ya deberían estar aquí.
•You ought to eat more vegetables.
Deberías comer más vegetales.
•Tom ought to take her home.
Tom debería llevarla a casa.
•It ought to work properly.
(Esto) Debería funcionar correctamente.
Negative

•You ought not to drink so much.
No deberías beber tanto.
•They ought not to go camping without a torch.
Ellos no deberían ir de camping sin una linterna.
•George ought not to wear someone else's glasses.
George no debería usar los anteojos de otra persona.
Interrogative

•Ought Rachel to be here so early?
¿Debería Rachel estar aquí tan temprano?
•Ought they to live there?
¿Deberían ellos vivir allí?
Ought to + have

•You ought to have read the book for today.
Deberían haber leído el libro para hoy.
•They ought to have gone to the supermarket.
Ellos deberían haber ido al supermercado.
•We ought to have listened to the guard.
Deberíamos haber escuchado al guardia.


AUXILIARES “WILL”
En inglés no existen los verbos en futuro, sino que al agregar will, convertimos en futuro al verbo que le sigue: I will come to see you tonight.
I will go - iré
I will eat - comeré
I will be - seré / estaré
I will have - tendré / habré

Affirmative

•Bill will finish this later.
Bill terminará esto después.
•This will be very easy.
Esto será muy fácil.
•I will call you back.
Yo te volveré a llamar.
•It will rain next week.
Lloverá la semana que viene.
•They will catch you if you stay.
Te atraparán si te quedas.
•We will go there the day after tomorrow.
Iremos allí pasado mañana.
•You will get lost in the city.
Te perderás en la ciudad.
Negative

•I won't sleep tonight.
No dormiré esta noche.
•They will not come.
Ellos no vendrán.
•You won't like it.
No te gustará.
Interrogative

•Will Mrs. Lennon understand me?
¿La señora Lennon me entenderá?
•Will you take me with you?
¿Me llevarás contigo?
Will + have

•Mr. Philips will have left by this evening.
El señor Philips se habrá ido esta noche.
•I will have finished the book by tomorrow.
Habré terminado el libro mañana.
•We will have eaten everything by next week.
Nos habremos comido todo la semana que viene.

VERBOS AUXILIARES “WOULD”
Would' es el pasado de will en algunos casos y verbo auxiliar en otros. Convierte en potencial al verbo que le sigue y va seguido del verbo en forma base.
I would go - iría
I would eat - comería
I would be - sería / estaría
I would have - tendría / habría

Affirmative

•I would go to the party.
Yo iría a la fiesta.
•You would feel better.
Te sentirías mejor.
•That would be great.
Eso sería genial.
•We would help you.
Nosotros te ayudaríamos.
•Joan would start to cry.
Joan comenzaría a llorar.
•Glenn would come right away.
Glenn vendría enseguida.
•They would get very angry.
Ellos se enojarían mucho.
Negative

•She would not be happy.
Ella no sería feliz.
•We wouldn't spend all the money.
No gastaríamos todo el dinero.
•I wouldn't do that.
Yo no haría eso.
Interrogative

•Would he give Patty a diamond ring?
¿Él le daría a Patty un anillo de diamantes?
•Would you mind?
¿Te importaría?
Would + have

•I would have picked you up.
Yo te habría pasado a buscar.
•We wouldn't have had enough time.
No habríamos tenido tiempo suficiente.
•Matt would have said he was sorry.
Matt habría dicho que lo lamentaba.



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5 comentarios - Aprende hablar ingles. Aprendizaje básico.

@Sparr0w +1
Capo, buena info pero, unas imágenes o dibujitos de ejemplo no estarían de más.
@Sparr0w
@biionicoin Jajajaja, nos ganaron sí, ¿ves? Yo pongo cara y no puteo a mi club, nos ganaron, felicidades por estar en la final, ahora les falta ganarla nada más.
@biionicoin
@Sparr0w No pero no me recordaste link, rosadita... pasame que me quiero reir un poco mas de las boludeces que decias y que hoy te la tenes que meter en la cola.
@Sparr0w
@biionicoin No tengo links, yo generalmente elimino el historial.
@Ch0p3x
So!, i don`t see any picture, wdf is this shit?¿ denounced! lynx!
@Butters-Stotch -1
Tengo entendido que I como pronombre siempre va en mayúscula que hay de cierto.