ANACONDA LA REINA DE LA SELVA


La Anaconda, también conocida como la "Boa de Agua" es la serpiente más grande del mundo. Puede llegar a medir más de 12 metros de largo, 30 centímetros de diámetro y más de 200 kilogramos. Su nombre científico es "Eunectes murinus".son serpientes constrictoras pertenecientes a las familias de la boas,son endémica de Sudamérica
La Anaconda no es una serpiente venenosa, es una serpiente constrictora. Atrapa a su presa con sus colmillos y la puede sumergir en el agua hasta ahogarla, para luego triturala con su poderosa musculatura y tragarla completa. Allí se inicia un largo proceso digestivo que puede tomar hasta más de dos semanas.

La mayor anaconda que se ha registrado oficialmente media 9 metros de largo y pesaba 140 kg, . Los machos son significativamente menores, alcanzando los 2 metros y medio.

La anaconda no necesita triturar a su presa, puesto que su mandíbula se desencaja, permitiéndole tragar a sus presas enteras. La digestión de una presa grande puede demorar varias semanas, durante las cuales la serpiente se encuentra casi inactiva. Los cazadores furtivos aprovechan estos estadios para capturarlas mas fácilmente.

Su reproducción es ovovivípara, las crías que pueden llegar a ser más de cincuenta , miden un metro al nacer.

Existen 3 especies mas de anaconda, menos conocidas: La anaconda Amarilla, la anaconda Deschauense, y la anaconda Barbour.

La principal amenaza para su conservación es la destrucción de su hábitat, así como la caza por parte de lugareños que la consideran un riesgo para el ganado doméstico y los niños, sin tener en cuenta el papel que juega en el control de las plagas.





ANACONDA THE QUEEN OF THE JUNGLE


Anacondas are large, nonvenomous boas of the genus Eunectes. They are found in tropical South America.
The Biggest Snake to Have Ever Lived

If you think that an anaconda big enough to swallow a capybara or tapir whole is big, you should see the size of the giant snake scientists discovered in a coal mine in Columbia, South America in 2008. Fossils of an enormous snake were discovered in an open coal mine in the Amazon rainforest. Paleontologists estimated the length of the snake to be 43 feet long and estimated to weigh 2,500 pounds! Based on their findings, the scientists who identified this new species of snake said it was large enough to prey on crocodiles. Since snakes are cold-blooded, the average temperature of the Amazon had to have been 6 to 8 degrees warmer to support a snake that enormous.
Anacondas are members of the boa constrictor family of snakes. That means that they kill their prey by coiling their large, powerful bodies around their victims and squeezing until their prey suffocates or is crushed to death and dies from internal bleeding. Then the snake unhinges its jaw and swallows the victim whole. Anacondas are much more likely to eat aquatic creatures, such as fish. Occasionally, they have been known to eat: caimans (a relative of the alligator), other snakes, deer, and even jaguars. Anacondas are rather slow-moving snakes, so they have to rely on stealth and the element of surprise to catch their unsuspecting prey.


Anacondas Bite?

Just about every species of snake on earth has teeth, but the anacondas' teeth are not used for chewing. Snakes' teeth are used for holding onto their prey, preventing them from escaping. Some snakes have venom in two specially designed, extra long teeth (called fangs) which they use to kill their prey. Anacondas have teeth, but they are not a venomous snake. They rely on their enormous size and power to subdue their victims. It is possible to be bitten by an anaconda, but the bite itself would not be fatal.





link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jTlqXT4PRrk

link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pH7rlpkxKr0
http://http://www.youtube.com/user/ingridgottanaconda la serpiente mas grande y poderosa del mundo