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El Padre del Reggae - 30 años desde su partida

Bueno como todos ya se habran enterado, han pasado 30 años desde la muerte de Robert Nesta Marley (Bob Marley) quien fue el caudillo del movimiento musical llamado reggae.

El Padre del Reggae - 30 años desde su partida


El Reggae

El reggae es un género musical que se desarrolló por primera vez en Jamaica hacia finales de los años 1960. Aunque en ocasiones el término se utiliza de modo amplio para referirse a diferentes estilos de música jamaiquina, por reggae se entiende en sentido estricto un género musical específico que se originó como desarrollo de otros anteriores como el ska y el rocksteady.
El reggae se caracteriza rítmicamente por un tipo de acentuación del off-beat, conocida como skank. Normalmente, el tempo del reggae es más lento que el del ska y el rocksteady.1 El reggae suele acentuar el segundo y cuarto beat de cada compás, sirviendo la guitarra para poner o bien énfasis en el tercer beat o para mantener el acorde desde el segundo hasta el cuarto. Es generalmente este "tercer beat", tanto por la velocidad como por la utilización de complejas líneas de bajo, lo que diferencia al reggae del rocksteady.

La edición de 1967 del Diccionario de Inglés Jamaicano incluía "reggae" como "una expresión recientemente establecida para rege", equivalente a rege-rege, una palabra que podía significar tanto "trapos, ropa andrajosa" como "una pelea o riña". El término reggae con un sentido musical apareció por primera vez en el hit rocksteady de 1968 "Do the Reggay" de The Maytals, pero ya se utilizaba en Kingston, Jamaica, para denominar una forma más lenta de bailar y tocar rocksteady.3 El artista reggae Derrick Morgan expresa en este sentido:
No nos gustaba el nombre rock steady, así que probé diferentes versiones de "Fat Man". Cambió el ritmo, el órgano se utilizó para sorprender. A Bunny Lee, el productor, le gustaba. Él creó el sonido con el órgano y la guitarra rítmica. Sonaba como 'reggae, reggae' y ese nombre simplemente despegó. Bunny Lee comenzó a utilizar la palabra (sic) y pronto todos los músicos estaban diciendo 'reggae, reggae, reggae'.
El historiador del reggae Steve Barrow atribuye a Clancy Eccles la alteración del término patois streggae (mujer fácil), convirtiéndolo en reggae. Sin embargo, según Toots Hibbert:
Hay una palabra que solíamos utilizar en Jamaica llamada 'streggae'. Si una chica pasa y los chicos la miran y dicen 'tío, ella es "streggae"', eso significa que no viste bien, que se ve reggay (andrajosa). Las chicas dirían lo mismo de un hombre también. Esta mañana yo y unos amigos estábamos jugando y yo dije, 'vale tío, hagamos el reggay'. Fue solo algo que me vino a la cabeza. Así que empezamos a cantar 'do the reggay, do the reggay' (haz el reggay, haz el reggay) y creamos un beat. La gente me dijo después que le habíamos dado al sonido ese nombre. Antes de eso la gente lo llamaba blue-beat y todo tipo de nombres. Ahora está en el Libro Guiness de los Records.
Se dice que Bob Marley atribuía como origen de la palabra reggae un término de castellano para referirse a la "música del rey".
(Fuente: Wikipedia)





Algunos de sus exitos:

Redemption Song


link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IoSjZ0ZmLqU

Old pirates, yes, they rob i;
sold i to the merchant ships,
minutes after they took i
from the bottomless pit.
but my hand was made strong
by the 'and of the almighty.
we forward in this generation
triumphantly.
won't you help to sing
these songs of freedom? -
'cause all i ever have:
redemption songs;
redemption songs.
emancipate yourselves from mental slavery;
none but ourselves can free our minds.
have no fear for atomic energy,
'cause none of them can stop the time.
how long shall they kill our prophets,
while we stand aside and look? ooh!
some say it's just a part of it:
we've got to fulfil de book.
won't you help to sing
these songs of freedom? -
'cause all i ever have:
redemption songs;
redemption songs;
redemption songs.
---
/guitar break/
---
emancipate yourselves from mental slavery;
none but ourselves can free our mind.
wo! have no fear for atomic energy,
'cause none of them-a can-a stop-a the time.
how long shall they kill our prophets,
while we stand aside and look?
yes, some say it's just a part of it:
we've got to fulfil de book.
won't you help to sing
dese songs of freedom? -
'cause all i ever had:
redemption songs -
all i ever had:
redemption songs:
these songs of freedom,
songs of freedom.

Fuente: musica.com


Get Up, Stand Up


link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oRRfyo7rwsA

Get up, stand up: stand up for your rights!
get up, stand up: stand up for your rights!
get up, stand up: stand up for your rights!
get up, stand up: don't give up the fight!
preacherman, don't tell me,
heaven is under the earth.
i know you don't know
what life is really worth.
it's not all that glitters is gold;
'alf the story has never been told:
so now you see the light, eh!
stand up for your rights. come on!
get up, stand up: stand up for your rights!
get up, stand up: don't give up the fight!
get up, stand up: stand up for your rights!
get up, stand up: don't give up the fight!
most people think,
great god will come from the skies,
take away everything
and make everybody feel high.
but if you know what life is worth,
you will look for yours on earth:
and now you see the light,
you stand up for your rights. jah!
get up, stand up! (jah, jah!)
stand up for your rights! (oh-hoo!)
get up, stand up! (get up, stand up!)
don't give up the fight! (life is your right!)
get up, stand up! (so we can't give up the fight!)
stand up for your rights! (lord, lord!)
get up, stand up! (keep on struggling on!)
don't give up the fight! (yeah!)
we sick an' tired of-a your ism-skism game -
dyin' 'n' goin' to heaven in-a jesus' name, lord.
we know when we understand:
almighty god is a living man.
you can fool some people sometimes,
but you can't fool all the people all the time.
so now we see the light (what you gonna do?),
we gonna stand up for our rights! (yeah, yeah, yeah!)
so you better:
get up, stand up! (in the morning! git it up!)
stand up for your rights! (stand up for our rights!)
get up, stand up!
don't give up the fight! (don't give it up, don't give it up!)
get up, stand up! (get up, stand up!)
stand up for your rights! (get up, stand up!)
get up, stand up! ( ... )
don't give up the fight! (get up, stand up!)
get up, stand up! ( ... )
stand up for your rights!
get up, stand up!
don't give up the fight! /fadeout/

Fuente: musica.com



Three Little Birds


link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L0G3JIashKo

"don't worry about a thing,
'cause every little thing gonna be all right.
singin': "don't worry about a thing,
'cause every little thing gonna be all right!"
rise up this mornin',
smiled with the risin' sun,
three little birds
pitch by my doorstep
singin' sweet songs
of melodies pure and true,
sayin', ("this is my message to you-ou-ou:"
singin': "don't worry 'bout a thing,
'cause every little thing gonna be all right."
singin': "don't worry (don't worry) 'bout a thing,
'cause every little thing gonna be all right!"
rise up this mornin',
smiled with the risin' sun,
three little birds
pitch by my doorstep
singin' sweet songs
of melodies pure and true,
sayin', "this is my message to you-ou-ou:"
singin': "don't worry about a thing, worry about a thing, oh!
every little thing gonna be all right. don't worry!"
singin': "don't worry about a thing" - i won't worry!
"'cause every little thing gonna be all right."
singin': "don't worry about a thing,
'cause every little thing gonna be all right" - i won't worry!
singin': "don't worry about a thing,
'cause every little thing gonna be all right."
singin': "don't worry about a thing, oh no!
'cause every little thing gonna be all right! /fadeout/

Fuente: musica.com


One Love


link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cp-6g_CdpJs

One love, one heart
let's get together and feel all right
hear the children crying (one love)
hear the children crying (one heart)
sayin', "give thanks and praise to the lord and i will feel all right."
sayin', "let's get together and feel all right."
whoa, whoa, whoa, whoa
Let them all pass all their dirty remarks (one love)
there is one question i'd really love to ask (one heart)
is there a place for the hopeless sinner
who has hurt all mankind just to save his own?
believe me
One love, one heart
let's get together and feel all right
as it was in the beginning (one love)
so shall it be in the end (one heart)
alright, "give thanks and praise to the lord and i will feel all right."
"let's get together and feel all right."
one more thing
Let's get together to fight this holy armageddon (one love)
so when the man comes there will be no, no doom (one song)
have pity on those whose chances grow thinner
there ain't no hiding place from the father of creation
Sayin', "one love, one heart
let's get together and feel all right."
i'm pleading to mankind (one love)
oh, lord (one heart) whoa.
"give thanks and praise to the lord and i will feel all right."
let's get together and feel all right.
(repeat)

Fuente: musica.com

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